Indian agriculture is undergoing a gradual shift from dependence on human power and animal power to mechanical power because increasing cost for upkeep of animal and growing scarcity of human labour. Further, use of mechanical power has a direct bearing on the productivity of crops apart from reducing the drudgery and facilitating timeliness of agricultural operations. Thus there is a strong need for taking farm mechanization. So, Agriculture Department the Government of Karnataka has decided to establish Custom Hire Service Centre (CHSC) at hobli-level, with an objective to assist the small and marginal farmers to provide machineries at their door steps. In this direction, as per the orders of the Department of Agriculture Government of Karnataka, SKDRDP(R) has taken steps to establish CHSCs in selected 164 hoblis covering 25 districts.
- Availability of modern equipment.
- Experienced operators/drivers.
- Availability of timely service.
- Quality service.
- Service with a smile.
- Advance booking facility.
- To provide machineries at farm gate.
- To enhance the production and productivity of the crops
- To provide services of High- Tech machineries to small and marginal farmers in time
- To mitigate problem of labour
- Available at reasonable rentals
- To increase profitability of the farmers.
|Share Holders for Project||Agriculture Department, Govt of Karnataka-56.10%|
|Shri Kshetra Dharmasthala Rural Development Project ®. - 43.90%|
|Project Name||Custom Hire Service Center ( CHSC ) / "Krushi Yantradhaare"|
|Area Covered||25 Districts, 164 Selected Hoblies|
|Duration||2014-2023( Total 9 Years)|
|Total Centers||164 Centers|
Financial Details of CHSC Project:
Year 2014 TO 2021
|For 1 Center||52.3||40.93||93.23|
|For 164 Centers||8577.73||6713.03||15290.76|
Tractors/ Mini tractors:
A tractor is a vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction. Most commonly, the term is used to describe the distinctive farm vehicle. Agricultural implements may be towed behind or mounted on the tractor, and the tractor may also provide a source of power if the implement is mechanized. Another common use of the term is for the power unit of a semi-trailer truck.
The plough is a farm tool or implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting. It consists of a heavy blade at the end of a beam, usually hitched to a draft team or motor vehicle and used for breaking up soil and cutting furrows in preparation for sowing. For centuries, this basic instrument has been widely used for farming and soil preparation. It presents one of the major advances in agriculture. The primary purpose of ploughing is to turn over the upper layer of the soil, bringing fresh nutrients to the surface, while burying weeds and the remains of previous crops, allowing them to break down. It also aerates the soil, and allows it to hold moisture better.
Tillers are basically used for stirring and pulverizing the soil for planting, or for weed control or moisture conservation. They came in variety of shapes and sizes. Farmers are advised to test their soil condition, nature of crop and other factors before sourcing tillers for their specific requirement.
Tillers are also come with seeding or seed cum fertilizer attachment. These agricultural implements are maintenance free as tines are mounted on heavy duty angles which are capable of rendering years of services. Garden cultivators have gas engines and may have front tines, mid tines, or rear tines, which increase in strength in that order.
- Capable of killing in-row weeds in an efficient and effective manner
- Also eliminates habitat for insects, mice and disease, thus minimising the agricultural loss
- Since they are based on latest technologies, they are capable of accurately delivering every minute detail like chemical composition, etc.
- It boosts beneficial microbe activity, besides aerating and conditioning the soil
- Tiller improves water penetration, thus saving irrigation expenses
- Cultivate the strip while protecting shallow root systems, and improves the appearance of your property.
The mechanization of agriculture not only reduces the overall cost of production but also increases the total agricultural yield. Through mechanized farming, many countries in the world are reaching the upper limits of their cultivable land. The increasing use of agricultural machinery, equipments and fertilizers coupled with better irrigation facilities, together revolutionizes the agricultural sector. Harvesting, the gathering of a ripened crop, is the most important stage of the cultivation process. In the past, when harvesting was done manually, a substantial portion of the crop was wasted. But, with the introduction of harvesting machines, harvesting has become cheaper and easier than ever. Harvesting machine not only saves the time but also reduces the quantity of waste to a great extent.
Insects and weeds are largely responsible for the crop destruction. In modern horticulture and agriculture, insecticides/pesticides, a man made or natural preparation are used to kill insects or otherwise control their reproduction. These herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers are applied to agricultural crops with the help of a special device known as a "Sprayer." Based on the concept of high pressure, sprayer provides optimum performance with minimum efforts. There are several types of sprayers available such as manual or self-propelled sprayers, tractor mounted sprayers and aerial sprayers.
Leveling blade or leveling implement is simple and rugged equipment, which is directly fitted to the tractor. This vital component is used for leveling the surface of agricultural field. It is also used in leveling the land of construction sites, playgrounds, horse riding clubs, and variety of other applications. Leveling blade is easy to maintain and use.
- Leveling the field
- Filling and back filling purposes
- Farm yard clearing
- In removing stubble of cotton, maize, jowar, sugarcane, Banana and other roots
- It is a hydraulically operated basic implement for preparation of land, etc.
Sowing & Planters:
Agricultural industry is a surpassing greater height. With the inventions of new machineries and new ways of getting better yield has exposed the concerned industry to the fire of competition. Today the farmers have become aware of the modern technologies that can fetch those better yields and also help them manage it with multiple machineries. Today the market is being flooded with a variety of sowing and planting machines to make the labor demanding task a bit easier for the farmers. Every day is introducing modern, sophisticated and better versions of such machines which have delighted the agricultural people to a great extent. This has also brought new hopes for the farmers as they are looking forward to a better and transformed future in the agricultural industry which has no longer remained a risky area.
Other Machinery & Equipment:
Land Development and Cultivation machineries
- Power Tiller
- Rotary Tiller
- B. Plough
- Disc Plough
- Disc Harrow
- Sugar cane stubble shaver and plough
- Leveller blade
- Cage wheel
- Blade harrow
- Laser operated leveller
- Bund maker
Sowing and Transplanting Machineries
- Paddy Transplanter
- Bund cum row maker
- Seed cum Fertiliser Drill
- Zero cultivation Drill
- Nursery Tray
- Mulching machine
Plant protection machinery
- Sprayers (Knapsack, Battery operated, Electric Operated, Gutter)
Harvesters and Threshers
- Multi Crop Thresher
- Groundnut dehusker and thresher
- Sugarcane stripper
- Arecanut dehusker
- Combined harvester
- Black pepper plucker
- Coconut dehusker
- Cotton dehusker
Machineries for crop residue maintenance
- sugarcane debries cutter
- Coconut frond cutter
- Grass cutters
Post-harvesting and processing machineries
- Ragi cleaning machine
- Sugarcane cutter
- Sugarcane juice maker
Machineries for Irrigation
- Pump sets
- Water tanker
- Aluminium Pipes
- and other machineries